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AutoMapper and constructor with parameters

Posted on: May 6, 2014

In some use case you are forced to have classes that has constructor with parameters. This is more rare if you are using Entity Framework (EF) because it requires to have parameterless constructor. However, if the scenario occurs, remember that AutoMapper does not have this constrain. In fact, you can have a private parameterless constructor for Entity Framework (EF) and force the use of a public constructor with parameters when using in your code.

First of all, during the mapping configuration, you must use ConstructUsingServiceLocator method.

1Mapper.CreateMap<ContestEditableViewModel, Model.Entities.Contest.Contest>() .ConstructUsingServiceLocator();

This instruct AutoMapper to check for the option ConstructServicesUsing method that can be provided during the mapping instruction.

Second, when you are using AutoMapper to map between classes, you must specify every parameters.

1var model = AutoMapper.Mapper.Map<ContestEditableViewModel, Model.Entities.Contest.Contest>(viewModel , options=>options.ConstructServicesUsing( t=>new Model.Entities.Contest.Contest(yourFirstParameter, yourSecondParameter,
2 /*and so on*/)
3 ) );

This way, you can have classes that have parameters and control how to provided them values.